Yamaha CS-20M -1979    Weight = 37 Lbs. Number mfg.= ? MRP=$1595


User Manual: Yamaha
Reset Proceedures: N/A
Operating System code: N/A
MIDI or other control protocol: N/A
Software related Links: N/A
Patches or knob settings:
Circuit Overview: below
Scematics/Service Manual: fdiskc archive or Manual Manor
Common Service Issues/Tips: below
Parts Sources: Keys knobs semiconductors misc
Uncommon chips/modules used:M51620P/IG00150 lfo chip, M51621L/IG00151 VCA's, IG00153 VCO, IG00156 VCF, IG00158 WSC, IG00159 EG/VCA, uA796HC gain cell, BA634 divider, BA617 OTA, YM615 key assigner, YM616 cpu, YM617 mux/demux, lots of TC series chips.
Modifications:Eric's CS-15dx modwhich I believe is adaptable to all dual vco cs synths.
General Info Links: Vintage Synth Explorer

Circuit Overview:
     A subtractive analog synth similar in many ways to other CS series. Sine wave feed past filter to thicken up things, especially in Band or High pass mode. Capable of some great sounds. One LFO is a bit of a limitation of course. But a great CS synth. All 'yellow' knobs can be saved in 8 'snapshot' memory locations (ie. you can't edit the saves so write it down if you want to remember how you made the sound!) with typical knob scanning by CPU through analog switching. The white knobs (pitch controls, PWM mod amounts, initial level, glide and volume/HP volume) do not save to memory. This of course keeps pitch control perfectly smooth. Not sure why they didn't save PWM mod amounts :-)

Service Tips:
     Typical problems in CS series are power supply over voltages which blow tantalum capacitors and they short, or the caps just fail over the years. During this various chips may be taken out. I've seen LFO chip, VCA's and dac comparator fail so they might be most susceptable. In recent one the YM617 MUX chip failed out of the blue after running solidly for quite a while. Fortunately Yamaha still had some! (they don't anymore btw...don't ask. It's a chip that wouldn't be that hard to cross wire in a replacement I think if someone had to. ) ALSO CHECK THE FUSE RESISTORS that are inside the insulating jackets.
     I put up a post years ago about a machine (probably my first I think the one I still use) that had flickering Load light. This one had the same issue plus the other load light plus the save light. I noted that IC19 on the PGM board is common to two of those lights and is also having an input on the far left load LED's path to where it might have been leaking I thought to cause the issue also. I replaced it and the other two LED's stopped flickering but not that one. I cleaned the jack 'from tape' with no result. Ground looks good. The op amp had noise out on pin 7 (the other half of IC20 is just tied to V- and pin 1 is open btw). Replaced the 4558 and that one is good too!




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Slider caps and Knobs- I have a decent selection of rotary knobs The sliders are identical to those used in Moog Opus 3 etc. I have some reproductions from chipforbrains. Not cheap since they're out of production again i think. I try to keep some crude reproduction slider caps in at 6.00 each.(Contact Sound Doctorin')


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Semiconductor and Parts:

See Semiconductor page. I believe I should have any electronic part or keys for these save exact transformer, etc. Ask if you have need.
Contact Sound Doctorin'